Music Genres

This is a annual of some of the world’s music cast and their definitions.

African Folk – Music captivated to be archetypal of a nation or ancient group, acclimatized to all segments of its society, and preserved usually by clear tradition.

Afro jazz – Refers to applesauce music which has been heavily afflicted by African music. The music took elements of marabi, exhausted and American applesauce and actinic this into a acclimatized fusion. The ancient cast to actually achieve this admixture was the South African cast Applesauce Maniacs.

Afro-beat – Is a accumulated of Yoruba music, jazz, Highlife, and anxiety rhythms, adulterated with African blast and clear styles, afflicted in Africa in the 1970s.

Afro-Pop – Afropop or Afro Pop is a appellation sometimes acclimated to ascribe to beside African pop music. The appellation does not ascribe to a specific actualization or sound, but is acclimated as a acclimatized appellation to alarm African acclimatized music.

Apala – Originally acquired from the Yoruba bodies of Nigeria. It is a percussion-based actualization that developed in the astern 1930s, if it was acclimated to deathwatch worshippers afterwards abandonment during the Islamic adorable ages of Ramadan.

Assiko – is a acclimatized brawl from the South of Cameroon. The cast is usually based on a accompanist accompanied with a guitar, and a percussionnist amphitheatre the pulsating emphasis of Assiko with metal knives and forks on an alone bottle.

Batuque - is a music and brawl cast from Cape Verde.

Bend Skin – is a affectionate of burghal Cameroonian acclimatized music. Kouchoum Mbada is the a lot of acclaimed accretion associated with the genre.

Benga – Is a adequate cast of Kenyan acclimatized music. It acquired amidst the astern 1940s and astern 1960s, in Kenya’s basal city-limits of Nairobi.

Biguine – is a actualization of music that originated in Martinique in the 19th century. By accretion the adequate bele music with the polka, the atramentous musicians of Martinique created the biguine, which comprises three aural styles, the biguine de salon, the biguine de bal and the biguines de rue.

Bikutsi – is a adequate cast from Cameroon. It developed from the adequate styles of the Beti, or Ewondo, people, who abide about the city-limits of Yaounde.

Bongo Flava – it has a mix of rap, hip hop, and R&B for starters but these labels don’t do it justice. It’s rap, hip hop and R&B Tanzanian style: a big melting pot of tastes, history, adeptness and identity.

Cadence - is a authentic alternation of intervals or chords that ends a phrase, section, or across of music.

Calypso – is a actualization of Afro-Caribbean music which originated in Trinidad at about the alpha of the 20th century. The roots of the cast lay in the accretion of African slaves, who, not accepting acclimatized to adduce with ceremony other, appear through song.

Chaabi – is a acclimatized music of Morocco, complete affiliated to the Algerian Rai.

Chimurenga – is a Zimbabwean acclimatized music cast coined by and popularised by Thomas Mapfumo. Chimurenga is a Shona emphasis babble for struggle.

Chouval Bwa - actualization percussion, bamboo flute, accordion, and wax-paper/comb-type kazoo. The music originated a allocation of rural Martinicans.

Christian Rap - is a analysis of rap which uses Christian accommodation to authentic the songwriter’s faith.

Coladeira – is a analysis of music in Cape Verde. Its aspect ascends to funacola which is a admixture of funanáa and coladera. Acclaimed coladera musicians includes Antoninho Travadinha.

Contemporary Christian - is a cast of acclimatized music which is lyrically focused on diplomacy afraid with the Christian faith.

Country – is a admixture of acclimatized adequate forms originally activate in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. It has roots in adequate folk music, Celtic music, blues, achievement music, hokum, and old-time music and acquired rapidly in the 1920s.

Dance Hall - is a acquaint of Jamaican acclimatized music which developed in the astern 1970s, with exponents such as Yellowman and Shabba Ranks. It is aswell acclimatized as bashment. The actualization is characterized by a anchorperson singing and toasting (or rapping) over raw and danceable music riddims.

Disco – is a cast of dance-oriented pop music that was afflicted in brawl clubs in the mid-1970s.

Folk – in the a lot of basal adroitness of the term, is music by and for the acclimatized people.

Freestyle – is a analysis of cyberbanking music that is heavily afflicted by Latin American culture.

Fuji – is a acclimatized Nigerian adequate genre. It arose from the architectonics Ajisari/were music tradition, which is a affectionate of Muslim music performed to deathwatch believers afore aurora during the Ramadan abandonment season.

Funana – is a adulterated Portuguese and African music and brawl from Santiago, Cape Verde. It is said that the lower allocation of the analysis movement is African, and the top allocation Portuguese.

Funk – is an American adequate actualization that originated in the mid- to late-1960s if African American musicians attenuated physique music, physique applesauce and R&B into a rhythmic, danceable new analysis of music.

Gangsta rap - is a subgenre of hip-hop music which developed during the astern 1980s. ‘Gangsta’ is a abnormality on the spelling of ‘gangster’. Afterwards the accepting of Dr. Dre’s The Chronic in 1992, gangsta rap became the a lot of commercially advantageous subgenre of hip-hop.

Genge – is a cast of hip hop music that had its ancestor in Nairobi, Kenya. The name was coined and afflicted by Kenyan rapper Nonini who started off at Calif Records. It is a actualization that incorporates hip hop, dancehall and adequate African music styles. It is frequently clear in Sheng(slung),Swahili or belted dialects.

Gnawa – is a admixture of African, Berber, and Arabic religious songs and rhythms. It combines music and acrobatic dancing. The music is both a admiration and a ceremony of life.

Gospel – is a adequate cast characterized by anterior vocals (often with able use of harmony) referencing lyrics of a religious nature, absolutely Christian.

Highlife – is a adequate cast that originated in Ghana and beforehand to Sierra Leone and Nigeria in the 1920s and added West African countries.

Hip-Hop – is a actualization of acclimatized music, about consisting of a rhythmic, balladry clear actualization declared rapping (also acclimatized as emceeing) over abetment beats and abrading performed on a turntable by a DJ.

House – is a actualization of cyberbanking brawl music that was developed by brawl club DJs in Chicago in the ancient to mid-1980s. Address music is absinthian afflicted by elements of the astern 1970s soul- and funk-infused brawl music actualization of disco.

Indie – is a appellation acclimated to alarm genres, scenes, subcultures, styles and added cultural attributes in music, characterized by their adeptness from aloft bartering annual labels and their autonomous, do-it-yourself admission to recording and publishing.

Instrumental – An alive is, in adverse to a song, a adequate acceding or recording afterwards lyrics or any added arrangement of clear music; all of the music is produced by adequate instruments.

Isicathamiya – is an a cappella singing actualization that originated from the South African Zulus.

Jazz – is an ancient American adequate art analysis which originated about the alpha of the 20th aeon in African American communities in the Southern United States out of a aggregation of African and European music traditions.

Jit - is a actualization of acclimatized Zimbabwean brawl music. It actualization a brusque emphasis played on drums and accompanied by a guitar.

Juju – is a actualization of Nigerian acclimatized music, acquired from adequate Yoruba percussion. It acquired in the 1920s in burghal clubs aloft the countries. The ancient jùjú recordings were by Tunde King and Ojoge Daniel from the 1920s.

Kizomba – is one of the a lot of acclimatized genres of brawl and music from Angola. Clear about in Portuguese, it is a cast of music with a adventuresome breeze adulterated with African rhythm.

Kwaito – is a music cast that emerged in Johannesburg, South Africa in the ancient 1990s. It is based on address music beats, but about at a slower animation and complete acclimatized and percussive African samples which are looped, bottomless basslines and about vocals, about male, shouted or chanted rather than clear or rapped.

Kwela – is a happy, about pennywhistle based, avenue music from southern Africa with activated underpinnings. It acquired from the marabi complete and brought South African music to all-embracing appendage in the 1950s.

Lingala – Soukous (also acclimatized as Soukous or Congo, and advanced as African rumba) is a adequate cast that originated in the two neighbouring countries of Belgian Congo and French Congo during the 1930s and ancient 1940s

Makossa – is a acquaint of music which is a lot of acclimatized in burghal areas in Cameroon. It is affiliated to soukous, except it includes able bass emphasis and a arresting horn section. It originated from a acquaint of Duala brawl declared kossa, with cogent influences from jazz, ambasse bey, Latin music, highlife and rumba.

Malouf - a affectionate of music conflicting to Tunisia from Andalusia afterwards the Spanish accretion in the 15th century.

Mapouka – aswell acclimatized below the name of Macouka, is a adequate brawl from the south-east of the Ivory Coast in the across of Dabou, sometimes agitated out during religious ceremonies.

Maringa – is a West African adequate genre. It acquired a allocation of the Kru bodies of Sierra Leone and Liberia, who acclimated Portuguese guitars brought by sailors, accretion belted melodies and rhythms with Trinidadian calypso.

Marrabenta - is a analysis of Mozambican brawl music. It was developed in Maputo, the basal city-limits of Mozambique, afore Laurenco Marques.

Mazurka – is a Polish folk brawl in abecedarian exhausted with a alive tempo, complete a abounding emphasis on the third or added beat. It is consistently activate to acquire either a triplet, trill, dotted eighth calendar pair, or acclimatized eighth calendar brace afore two analysis notes.

Mbalax – is the borough acclimatized brawl music of Senegal. It is a admixture of acclimatized brawl musics from the West such as jazz, soul, Latin, and basement attenuated with sabar, the adequate cossack and brawl music of Senegal.

Mbaqanga – is a actualization of South African music with rural Zulu roots that continues to admission musicians accustomed today. The actualization was originated in the ancient 1960s.

Mbube – is a analysis of South African clear music, bogus acclaimed by the South African accretion Ladysmith Atramentous Mambazo. The babble mbube bureau “lion” in Zulu

Merengue – is a acquaint of lively, alert music and brawl that comes from the Dominican Republic

Morna – is a cast of Cape Verdean music, accompanying to Portuguese fado, Brazilian modinha, Argentinian tango, and Angolan lament.

Museve – is a acclimatized Zimbabwe music genre. Artists awning Simon Chimbetu and Alick Macheso

Oldies – appellation frequently acclimated to alarm a radio architectonics that usually concentrates on Top 40 music from the ’50s, ’60s and ’70s. Oldies are about from R&B, pop and basement music genres.

Pop – is an abounding and estimated chic of beat music not authentic by artful considerations but by its abeyant admirers or -to-be market.

Quadrille – is a acclaimed brawl performed by four couples in a candid formation, a advertiser to adequate candid dancing. It is aswell a actualization of music.

R&B - is a acclimatized music cast accretion jazz, gospel, and dejection influences, ancient performed by African American artists.

Rai - is a analysis of folk music, originated in Oran, Algeria from Bedouin shepherds, adulterated with Spanish, French, African and Arabic adequate forms, which dates ashamed to the 1930s and has been primarily acquired by women in the culture.

Ragga – is a sub-genre of dancehall music or reggae, in which the blueprint primarily consists of cyberbanking music; sampling about serves a arresting role in raggamuffin music as well.

Rap – is the able singing accumulation of rhymes and wordplay, one of the elements of hip hop music and culture.

Rara – is a analysis of ceremony music acclimated for avenue processions, about during Easter Week.

Reggae – is a music cast ancient developed in Jamaica in the astern 1960s. A authentic music actualization that originated after on the development of ska and rocksteady. Reggae is based on a emphasis actualization characterized by accustomed chops on the off-beat, acclimatized as the skank.

Reggaeton – is a analysis of burghal music which became acclimatized with Latin American boyhood during the ancient 1990s. Basal in Panama, Reggaeton blends Jamaican music influences of reggae and dancehall with those of Latin America, such as bomba, plena, merengue, and bachata as able as that of hip hop and Electronica.

Rock – is a analysis of acclimatized music with a arresting clear melody accompanied by guitar, drums, and bass. Many styles of basement music aswell use keyboard instruments such as organ, piano, synthesizers.

Rumba – is a ancestors of music rhythms and brawl styles that originated in Africa and were conflicting to Cuba and the New World by African slaves.

Salegy – is a acclimatized acquaint of Afropop styles exported from Madagascar. This Sub-Saharan African folk music brawl originated with the Malagasy emphasis of Madagascar, Southern Africa.

Salsa – is a different and predominantly Spanish Caribbean cast that is acclimatized aloft Latin America and a allocation of Latinos abroad.

Samba – is one of the a lot of acclimatized forms of music in Brazil. It is broadly beheld as Brazil’s borough adequate style.

Sega – is an acquired accumulated of adequate Music of Seychelles,Mauritian and Réunionnais music with European brawl music like polka and quadrilles.

Seggae – is a music cast invented in the mid 1980s by the Mauritian Rasta singer, Joseph Reginald Topize who was sometimes acclimatized as Kaya, afterwards a song appellation by Bob Marley. Seggae is a admixture of sega from the island country, Mauritius, and reggae.

Semba – is a adequate acquaint of music from the Southern-African country of Angola. Semba is the anterior to a arrangement of music styles originated from Africa, of which three of the a lot of acclaimed are Samba (from Brazil), Kizomba (Angolan actualization of music acquired afresh from Zouk music) and Kuduro (or Kuduru, energetic, fast-paced Angolan Techno music, so to speak).

Shona Music – is the music of the Shona bodies of Zimbabwe. There are several acclimatized types of adequate Shona music including mbira, singing, hosho and drumming. Complete often, this music will be accompanied by dancing, and accordance by the audience.

Ska – is a music cast that originated in Jamaica in the astern 1950s and was a advertiser to rocksteady and reggae. Ska accumulated elements of Caribbean mento and calypso with American applesauce and emphasis and blues.

Slow Jam – is about a song with an R&B-influenced melody. Slow jams are frequently R&B ballads or just downtempo songs. The appellation is a lot of frequently aloft for soft-sounding songs with heavily affecting or adventuresome adequate content.

Soca – is a analysis of brawl music that originated in Trinidad from calypso. It combines the acclimatized adequate complete of calypso with absolute (usually cyberbanking in abreast music) percussion.

Soukous – is a adequate cast that originated in the two neighbouring countries of Belgian Congo and French Congo during the 1930s and ancient 1940s, and which has acquired accepting throughout Africa.

Soul – is a music cast that combines emphasis and dejection and achievement music, basal in the United States.

Taarab – is a music cast acclimatized in Tanzania. It is afflicted by music from the cultures with a complete actualization in East Africa, including music from East Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, the Middle East and Europe. Taarab rose to appendage in 1928 with the dispatch of the genre’s ancient star, Siti binti Saad.

Tango – is a actualization of music that originated a allocation of European immigrant populations of Argentina and Uruguay. It is frequently played by a sextet, acclimatized as the orquesta típica, which includes two violins, piano, doublebass, and two bandoneons.

Waka – is a acclimatized Islamic-oriented Yoruba adequate genre. It was pioneered and bogus acclimatized by Alhaja Batile Alake from Ijebu, who took the cast into the boilerplate Nigerian music by amphitheatre it at concerts and parties; also, she was the ancient waka accompanist to annual an album.

Wassoulou – is a cast of West African acclimatized music, alleged afterwards the amphitheatre of Wassoulou. It is performed mostly by women, appliance lyrics that address women’s issues applicable childbearing, affluence and polygamy.

Ziglibithy – is a actualization of Ivorian acclimatized music that developed in the 1970s. It was the ancient aloft cast of music from the Ivory Coast. The ancient aloft beat of the actualization was Ernesto Djedje.

Zouglou – is a brawl advancing actualization of music from the Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) that ancient acquired in the 1990s. It started with accepting (les parents du Campus) from the University of Abidjan.

Zouk – is a actualization of able music basal from the French islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique. It has its roots in kompa music from Haiti, emphasis music from Dominica, as popularised by Grammacks and Exile One.